8 Trigrams Meaning and Definition in Qi Men Dun Jia

Today, we will talk about the topic called “8 trigrams”. Some people call it “Bagua” which is in Chinese translation.

8 trigrams is actually a derivative of Ying & Yang. Based on the last lesson – lesson 4, you can understand what Ying & Yang stand for. So, if you do not understand Ying & Yang, please go to lesson 4 and then you can understand the concept of Ying & Yang before proceeding to lesson 5.

First, you must understand what 8 trigrams are and how they are derived. Previous lesson, we talked about Ying & Yang, so this particular circle with two dots and a curve represents the extreme of Ying & Yang:

White color stands for Yang, and black stands for Ying. Having mentioned about Ying & Yang in last lesson, in every Yang, there is Ying; in every Ying, there is also Yang. It is not very extreme, so you must understand this concept before we actually proceed further.

Next, we need to understand where Ying & Yang are and what 8 trigrams are going to do in terms of the relationship. We will go step by step in this chart and we will actually break it down in this aspect.

We talk about the Ying & Yang, so we break it down into two parts: Yin – Yang.

Within the Yin, we break it into Tai Yin and Shao Yang. Within the Yang, we break it into Shao Yin and Tai Yang.

In Tai Yin, we break it into Kun and Gen. In Shao Yang, we break it into Kan and Xun.

In Shao Yin, we break it into Zhen and Li. In Tai Yang, we break it into Dui and Qian.

In this lesson, we will define every one of them to understand the characteristics of these particular trigrams. In Chinese, we also call these 8 trigrams “Bagua”.

When we break down all the Ying & Yang into multiple levels, in the final level, we will break down into a total of eight different symbols:

Every one of them has their own name and meaning/ You may take a while to remember all these symbols. You need to understand every symbol represents certain things and certain meanings.

8 trigrams are actually formulated to the circle of this Ying & Yang, so this becomes a Bagua:

Always remember that this Bagua traditionally has nothing to do with religion.

A lot of people think that this Bagua is something related to Chinese taoism. Yes, there are some relationships, but in terms of religion by right, it should not be. It is just based on the X and from there, we derive the trigrams and the Ying & Yang.

Next, we will insert a few more pieces of information to know what every one of them stands for:

Every single trigram will have its own name and a specific meaning.

We move along, how do these trigrams have to do with Qi Men Dun Jia?

If you look at this chart very carefully, all the symbols at the left corner of every box are Xun, Li, Kun, Dui, Qian, Kan, Gen, Zhen.  It is all located in every external box. The center is empty, so the 8 symbols are evenly spread in different places

For your information, the places that they are located are always the same. For example, Kan is located in box number 1, in Qi Men Dun Jia, it will always be located in box number 1. It will never change. So on and so forth for the rest of the symbols.

We move on box number 4 for the purpose of your clarity:

This is Xun. Remember that the Bagua is a symbol of the environment. So, the environment in box number 4 represents certain things. And all the symbols (Darkness, Open, Doctor) also represent certain information.

So the information located in box number 4 (Xun) represents the environment. When you talk about Qi Men Dun Jia on your divination and Qi Men Dun Jia Bazi, we are able to decipher this information. For example, if they are in box number 4, it represents the Xun.

Let’s go to the next box which is “Li” and  stands for Fire:

So, the environment will be Fire. We also have to see the interrelationship between the symbol, the element, and the environment. That is how we derive the certain information about the person’s character, situation, and the divination results.

Today’s lesson, we are going to touch very basic trigram information. As we go along, we will base on and integrate all this information together to ensure that you have a more holistic view of what Qi Men Dun Jia is and how to apply Qi Men Dun Jia in this aspect.

Going back into this trigram:

I am going to go through them one by one to share with you the basic information. Of course, it will be very in-depth. I do not want to overwhelm you. Eventually, you have to just understand the basics. It will be good enough.


This is symbolized as Kun, which is located in box 2 and consists of three broken lines. It means earth or land. It is all Yin. Yin is actually dark and black and it actually represents a female also. Kun is also the queen of a country. For the family, it is the mother.


Gun is located in box 8 and consists of one unbroken line with two broken lines It also represents a mountain and can imply the hardness and firmness.


Kan is located in box 1 and consists of one broken line, one unbroken line, and one broken line after. It can also represent a sunken area, water or an obstacle. It is something that is blocking you also. For example, if a small river, then your two legs are actually stuck in there. The environment is a place where you are stuck inside where you are not able to move at all.


Kun is located in box 4 and consists of two unbroken lines and one broken line. It also implies a wind. It is a very windy situation. What does wind stand for? It is moving, it is not not strong. Compared to the previous (you are stuck in the river or stuck in a hole), this windy environment is far far much better.


Zhen is located in box 3 and consists of two broken lines and one unbroken line. It stands for thunder, shock, or terror. A thunder environment is a good meaning. It is very fast. Suddenly, it will just happen. If you are in this situation, apparently this event or situation is going to happen very fast. Of course, when it is very fast, after a while, it disappears. Again, whether it is good or bad, it also depends on how you apply it in different situations.


LI is located in box 9 and consists of one unbroken line, one broken line, and one unbroken line. It stands for Fire.


Dui is located in box 7 and consists of one broken line and two unbroken lines. It means speech or to speak. In this environment, you need to speak or you need to give speeches. Of course, it depends on how you apply the situation to the environment in box number 7 which is called “Dui”.


Qian is located in box 6 and consists of three unbroken lines. It signifies Heaven. It is all Yang. For a country, it is the head of state. For a family, it is the father of this person. Generally speaking, it should be quite good in this aspect. But of course, remember the concept of Ying & Yang: in every good, there is a bad; in every bad, there is a good. So, in this aspect, when it is all Yang, it does not mean that it is all Yang. It depends on how you are going to apply it in this situation.

Let us see or go back to the Qi Men chart:

There is Xun, Li, Kun, Dui, Qian, Kan, Gen, Zhen in the external of these boxes in these 9 palaces. 8 trigrams are input into these 9 palaces. Box number 5 is actually an empty box. Do not have to worry about too much of it. We are only covering the very basics of it.

Interestingly, these 8 trigrams are used in a lot of places in China to create a picture or an environment for their houses. As you can see in this particular picture:

This is a field of plantation and interestingly, they use the Bagua to make it look exactly the same. They believe that using this form will help them. Of course, there are other places using the same philosophy and using the Bagua also. There is also a big city that actually uses Bagua and 8 trigrams to create the shape of that energy:

So, here is the information about the 8 trigrams. Continue to learn about Qi Men Dun Jia and go to the next lesson. Thanks for reading.